CO intermolecular forces are dipole-dipole intraction. it has permanent dipole.
Hello, reders welcome to another fresh article related with intermolecular forces. today, we will discuss about what is the intermolecular forces of CO.
lets get started
What is intermolecular forces?
The Intermolecular forces are define, it is a “force of attraction” (One type of force) and “repulsion“. it is also one type of forces in which they attracted between molecules. and this particular molecules have permanent dipole. this type of attraction is called dipole-dipole intraction. Mainly, dipole-dipole intraction is more strongest forces then london dispersion forces.
Read More:- What is the intermolecular forces of NH3?
Intermolecular forces in CO?
I think, You can understand with above defination, the force of attraction and repulsion between molecules or particle. CO is best example for force of attraction and repulsion between molecules. it have permanent dipole. so, we can say that, different molecules created different types of intermolecular forces such as, dipole dipole interaction, hydrogen bonding, ion dipole interaction, and London dispersion forces. but it all depends upon molecules and atom.
You know that, dipole-dipole intraction occur in polar molecules. CO is a polar molecules. the dipole-dipole intraction between CO molecules are strongest then london dispersion forces.
How you can say that CO is polar molecules?
CO is a polar molecules because oxygen is highly electronegativity atoms compare with carbon. due to this, carbon have a partial positive charge and oxygen have negative charge. as shown in figure.
Intraction of one molecules to another molecules each molecules possess dipole moment. So, the intraction between one molecules to another molecules is called dipole-dipole intraction. intraction between two saparate molecules, this is called dipole-dipole forces. CO have a permanent dipole. this type of intraction is possible only on polar molecules. So, CO is called polar molecules. hydrogen bonding:- hydrogen bonding is a special type of intermolecular forces. it is also interacted between molecules. Mainly, hydrogen bonding occur on polar molecules.
HCl is the best example of hydrogen bonding intermolecular forces.
H – hydrogen &
Cl – chlorine
Mainly, Hydrogen bonding occur when hydrogen are attached with Nitrogen, oxygen and F. Mainly, after intraction it is make N-H bonds, N-O bonds and N-F bonds.
in this case, dipole-dipole intraction occur between this molecules because hydrogen have partial positive charge and Cl have partial negative charge, because Cl have more electronegative charge compare with hydrogen.