In the nitration of benzene the attack on ring is made by nitration ion, NO2+.
In the nitration of benzene the attack on ring is made by?
If we talk about electrophile that which electrophile is used in case of nitration of benzene – nitration ion (NO2+)
Yes, it is absolutely true, in case of nitration of benzene the attack on ring is made by NO2+. because, nitronium ion NO2+ is a cation (removel of electron is known as cation). it is created by removel of an electron from the nitrogen dioxide molecule. this cation (NO2+) which is a strong electrophile, this phenomenon is called NO2+ (nitronium ion).
therefore, Option ‘C’ is the write answer.
You know that, removel of electrons gives a cation. and addition of an electron gives an anion. but in case of NO2+ ion, it is created removel of electron not addition of electron.