Nitronium ion, NO2+ is a one type of cation. it is created by removel of electrons.
Hello, reders welcome to another fresh article. today we will discuss about nitronium ion, and how to draw, NO2+ lewis structure.
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What is no2+,(nitronium ion)?
Nitronium ion NO2+ is a cation( removel of electron is known as cation). it is created by removel of an electron from the nitrogen dioxide molecule. this cation (NO2+) which is a strong electrophile, this phenomenon is called nitronium ion.
You know that, removel of electrons gives a cation. and addition of an electron gives an anion. but in case of NO2+ ion, it is created removel of electron not addition of electron.
IUPAC name – Dioxidonitrogen(1+).
You know that, what is the name for ion with multiple charge,
-1 charge is known as anion
+1 charge is known as cation
But in case of multiple charge,
-2 charge is known as dianion
+2 charge is known as dication.
Nitronium ion can be generated by reaction of concentration nitric acid (HNO3) with concentration h2so4, sulphuric acid. this reaction is very important for preparation of nitronium ion.
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NO2+ lewis structure
“NO2+ lewis structure” explain with this techniques, First of all, you find the number of balance electron of (NO2+) ion.
You know that,
Nitrogen (N) has 5 balance electron &
Oxygen (O) has 6 balance electron.
Now, the overall charge of NO2+ ion has +charge (NO2+). so, it reduce number of electron by (-1).
Now, the total balance electron of NO2+ ion is,
N=5, O2 = 6×2 = 12 and +charge = -1
So, 5+12-1 = 16,
the balance electron of NO2+ ion is 16.
Now, By putting the electron between atoms to form chemical bonds.
oxygen have octal (8 balance electron), and nitrogen have only 4 electron.
Now, in second figure,
Take electron from outside move to make double bonds. and also take electron from another pair to make a bonds.
So, both oxygen have 8 balance electron and nitrogen have also 8 balance electron as shown in second figure.
So, Over all result is, by sharing electron from outside of oxygen to make chemical bonds. and each atoms have 8 balance electron. these are the proper NO2+ lewis structure.
NO2+ Attacked when the compound undergoes with hno3/h2so4
Which position will be attacked most rapidily by the nitronium ion (NO2+) when the compound undergoes with hno3/h2so4,
You can understand with help of this vedio.
After watching this vedio, you understand which position No2+ will atack.