The process of making yarn from fibre is called “spinning.” the type of yarn produced depends on the fiber used, the spinning method, and the intended use of the yarn.
The Process of Making Yarn From Fibre is Called?
The process of making yarn from fibre is called “spinning.” It involves several steps, Such as
Preparation of Fiber
The first step is to prepare the raw fiber. This could be wool, cotton, flax, silk, or any other suitable material. The fibers are cleaned, carded (combed to align the fibers), and sometimes blended to achieve the desired texture and quality.
Carding is the process of combing the fibers to separate and align them. It’s done using carding brushes or machines. This step helps remove any impurities, short fibers, or knots from the raw material.
Drafting involves gently pulling the fibers apart to create a thin, even strand. This process aligns the fibers further and prepares them for spinning.
Spinning is the actual process of turning the drafted fibers into yarn. This can be done using various methods and tools. One common tool is a spinning wheel, which consists of a rotating wheel and a spindle. As the wheel turns, the spinner adds twist to the drafted fibers, causing them to twist together and form yarn.
Twist is essential for yarn to hold together. The amount of twist added determines the characteristics of the final yarn, such as its strength and texture. Too much twist can make the yarn hard and wiry, while too little twist can result in a weak yarn that unravels easily.
Plying involves twisting two or more strands of spun yarn together in the opposite direction of the original twist. This creates a thicker, stronger yarn and can also balance out any inconsistencies in the individual strands.
After spinning and plying, the yarn is often washed to remove any remaining impurities, oils, or dirt. It might also be set with steam or heat to help the fibers relax and settle into their final arrangement.
The finished yarn is wound onto a bobbin, cone, or spool for storage or further processing.
The type of yarn produced depends on the fiber used, the spinning method, and the intended use of the yarn. Different fibers have distinct properties, such as warmth, breathability, and durability, which influence the choice of spinning method and the resulting yarn’s characteristics.