hclo intermolecular forces have dipole-dipole force. it is windly attack between positive end to negative end.
Hello, reders welcome to another fresh article. today we will discuss about hclo intermolecular forces. and its types.
So, hold your seat end of out because we provide valuable information and also discuss about basic concept.
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Read More – What are the intermolecular forces of ethanol?
What is intermolecular forces?
Intermolecular forces is one type of forces in which it is intraction between molecules, and force of attraction and repulsion which act between atoms or ions. this is known as intermolecular forces.
hclo intermolecular forces
hclo intermolecular forces is one type of force in which it is follow dipole-dipole interactions or force. and it attract between positive end of one molecules to negative end of another molecules. and hclo is a polar molecules.
dipole-dipole force are attractive among polar molecules. the dipole-dipole force is more interactive take place on polar molecules. and dipole-dipole force occur between molecules with the help of electronegative of atoms. you know that, nh3 intermolecular forces have also dipole-dipole force and hydrogen bond. dipole dipole forces and hydrogen bonding also occur between nh3 molecules. so we can say that, it attracted between positive end to negative end.
In other words;
“dipole-dipole force is attracted to positive portion of one molecules to negative portion of another molecules”.
There are many examples regarding this, such as
HCl is a polar molecules.
HCl = Hydrochloric acid
H = hydrogen &
Cl = chlorine
Hydrochloric acid is a polar molecules, in this case, Chlorine (Cl) have more electronegative compare with hydrogen.
HClO is also polar molecules,
H = hydrogen
Cl = chlorine
O = oxygen
In this case, Chlorine have more electronegative compare with hydrogen and oxygen. chlo have dipole-dipole force.
ICl is also polar molecules,
In this case, chlorine have more electronegative then iodine. normally, polar molecules have dipole-dipole intraction or force.
What types of intermolecular forces are present in hf, hi, and h2?
Different molecules have different types of intermolecular forces, here, we will discuss about what types of intermolecular forces are present in different molecules.
- hf intermolecular forces
- hi intermolecular forces
- h2 intermolecular forces
hf intermolecular forces
hf intermolecular forces are dipole dipole intraction. because it is polar molecules. you know that, hydrogen bond are created when hydrogen are bound to electronegative atoms such as fluorine. it is called especial type of dipole dipole forces. If hydrogen bond are create between molecules then it also called stronger intermolecular forces. that is the reasons hf have higher boiling point compare with the other molecules such as hi.
Hi intermolecular forces
Hi molecules has london dispersion force and hi molecules have dipole but these molecules have weaker intermolecular forces, such as london dispersion forces. you know that dipole dipole forces are occur polar molecules. this forces is more stronger then London dispersion forces. but if you compare between hf and hi molecules. then hf molecules have more stronger intermolecular (dipole dipole intraction) but hi molecules have weaker intermolecular forces (london dispersion forces) and with this reson hf have higher boiling point compare with hi.
H2 intermolecular forces
if i m talking about H2 molecules, this molecules have weaker intermolecular forces, such as London dispersion forces. London dispersion forces occur non polar molecules. they are weaker intermolecular forces. h2 is a non polar molecules, London forces existed by non polar molecules because of the correlated movement of the electrons in the molecules. so it have weaker intermolecular forces.
What type of intermolecular forces are present in XeF4, Seo2, Br2, CCl4, CBr4?
You know that different molecules has different intermolecular forces. we will discuss about what type of intermolecular forces persent in both molecules. Such as,
The intermolecular forces of XeF4 is London dispersion forces. xef4 polar or non polar molecules. XeF4 is non polar molecules because London dispersion forces mainly occur non polar molecules. this molecules has not permanent dipole. London dispersion forces is generally called weak force.
Seo2 molecules has strongest intermolecular forces. because Seo2 is polar molecules. seo2 have dipole because seo2 has bent shape. So, it make strongest intermolecular forces due to bent shape. it make bonds between o2 and ce are more polar because selenium have less electronigativity.
3. Br2 and ccl4
Bre and CCl4 both are non polar molecules so, have London dispersion forces. London dispersion forces excited by non polar molecules because the correlated movement of electrons in the molecules.
It has also London dispersion forces because cbr4 is non polar molecules. Mainly non polar molecules are not make permanent dipole. but strongest intermolecular forces such as, “hydrogen bonding”. It has permanent dipole. So, it mean that if any molecules are made permanent dipole then if molecules have permanent dipole this mean this molecules has strongest intermolecular forces. Otherwise called weak intermolecular forces.
What is intermolecular forces in ch3ch2ch2ch3 and ch3ch2och2ch3?
you know that, this molecules (ch3ch2ch2ch3) has one Or more atoms. then dispersion force of attraction will be greater. but this molecules has London dispersion forces.
but if i m talking about ch3ch2och2ch3 then this molecules has dipole dipole forces because the involving oxygen. and it make c-o bonds in which this molecules have higher boiling point.
It mean the stronger intermolecular forces has higher boiling point compare with weaker intermolecular forces.
Types of intermolecular forces;
there are five type of intermolecular force of attraction, such as
1. Dipole-dipole interaction.
2. Ion-dipole interaction
3. Ion- induced dipole interaction
4. Dipole-induced dipole interaction
5. Dispersion force or London forces.
Importance of intermolecular forces;
1. Dipole dipole forces have strength that range from 5kj to 2kj per mole.
2. they are much weaker than covalent bond.
3. Polar molecules have a partial negative end of one molecules and a partial positive end of another molecules.
4. The positive end of polar molecules is attracted to the negative end of another polar molecules.
You know that, this is a neutralization type reaction. this is acid-base reaction,
koh = work as a base
hclo = work as a acid
the balanced equation is,
koh (aq) + hclo (aq) – kclo (l) + h2o (liquid)
Koh – potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH. it is also known as caustic potash. it is colourless solid strong base.
hclo – hypochlorous acid is formed when chlorine mixed or dissolved in water. it is weak acid.
kclo – it is one type of potassium salt of hypochlorous acid. it has light gray colour.
h2o – it is a colourless type liquid, and the chemical name is water ( h2o).
Frequently Asked question
1. Which one is the strongest intermolecular force?
Ans – there are many different type of intermolecular force such as,
Ion- induced dipole intraction
Dispersion force and London force
But dipole-dipole interaction is the strongest intermolecular force of attraction. it is mostly attracked on polar molecules.
2. HClO is hydrogen bonding Or not?
Ans – No, HClO is not hydrogen bonding because the hypochlorous acid has one atom of oxygen, one atom of hydrogen and one atom of Cl and the structure of hypochlorous acid has oxygen with single bond between hydrogen and chlorine.
3. What is intermolecular force between HCl and HClO?
Ans – You know that, HClO and HCl both are polar molecules and if you talk about intermolecular force, it is more attrack on polar molecules such as, HCl and HClO,
In case of HCl – Cl has highly intermolecular force compare with hydrogen because chlorine has a negative charge and hydrogen has a positive charge.
in case of HClO – Cl has high intermolecular force compare with H and O.
4. Why HCl is called dipole?
hcl is a polar molecules, so intermolecular force follow positive end to negative end. If you talk about HCl. Hydrogen has a positive charge whereas Chlorine has negative charge. because the force of atraction between oppositely charge particles.